Benefits Of Vitamin K
The health benefits of vitamin K include a healthy heart, prevention of osteoporosis, relief from menstrual pain, reduced risk of cancer, protection from internal bleeding, prevention of biliary obstruction, and reduced menstrual flow.
Vitamin K is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin, which is present in the intestines of the human body. The most vital role that this vitamin plays is in controlling blood clotting and preventing blood loss during injury. It also helps in assisting the absorption of calcium content from food, which helps in the formation and maintenance of healthy bones.
Vitamin K Deficiency
A vitamin K deficiency is usually found in infants since the placenta is not a very good carrier of this nutrient, thereby resulting in the development of conditions like vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB). A vitamin K deficiency can easily turn into osteoporosis or a serious heart condition.
Vitamin K consists of a group containing 2-methyl-naphthoquinone derivatives. The three notable forms of this vitamin are K1 (phytonadione, phylloquinone, phytonadione), K2 (menaquinones), which is formed by natural bacteria present in the intestines, and K3 (menadione).
Vitamin K-rich Foods
A list of vitamin K rich foods includes the following:
- Vegetables: Collards, dandelion greens, mustard greens, beans, turnip greens, kale, parsley, cabbage, spinach, lettuce, and broccoli.
- Chicken liver
Health Benefits of Vitamin K
The health benefits of vitamin K include the following:
Vitamin K plays a key role in preventing osteoporosis and loss of bone mineral density. The intake of leafy vegetables, collard greens, broccoli, spinach, brussels sprouts, and lettuce, all of which are rich in this vitamin, helps prevent the signs and symptoms. Even cow milk is a good and rich source of this vitamin and helps in improving the bone mineral density. The major symptom of osteoporosis is the reduction of bone density. It typically occurs after the age of fifty and is found in many post-menopausal women. The bone attains maximum strength and density by the time an individual’s age reaches 20-30. this peak time, the bone-building starts to wane and the bone mineral density reduces.
Reduces Blood Clotting
Vitamin K helps in the regulation of blood clotting by transporting calcium around the body. It plays a key role in the amalgamation of prothrombin that happens at the time of injury due to the tears in blood vessels. Protein Z helps in enhancing the action done by thrombin so as to promote an association with phospholipids that are present in cell membranes. It further helps in treating myelodysplastic syndromes. This vitamin also increases blood circulation in tissues and peripheral bodies.
Improves Heart Health
Vitamin K is a strong inhibitor of arterial calcification. It prevents the calcium deposition on the heart walls and reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Reduces Excessive Menstrual flow
Vitamin K deficiency can lead to a woman experiencing excess menstrual bleeding. Therefore intake of adequate amounts of vitamin k is important and will reduce the blood flow.
Vitamin K supplements are known to prevent tumor growth in cancer patients. According to research studies it promotes healing in patients suffering from the colon, prostate, nasal, and oral cancers.
Prevents Internal Bleeding
Vitamin K helps in reducing the threat of bleeding in the liver, poor nutrient absorption, jaundice or the combination of the long-term use of antibiotics or aspirin. Some of the problems associated with the gastrointestinal system due to a decrease of this vitamin include obstructions, sprue, Crohn’s disease, and colitis. These are due to a reduced content of this vitamin.
Improves Cognitive Health
Vitamin k plays a very important in role in brain development and improving cognitive function. It is also responsible for preventing degenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s among older people by improving their episodic memory.
Decreases Menstrual Pain
Vitamin K helps in regulating the menstrual cycle by ensuring the optimal functioning of the hormones helps in reducing the associated menstrual pain.
Relieves Nausea During Pregnancy
Pregnant women suffering from vomiting and nausea are often deficient in vitamin K. This vitamin intake will show good results by providing relief in less than seventy-two hours and preventing mild forms of these symptoms in the future.
Prevents Hemorrhaging in Babies
This vitamin is injected into new-born to prevent hemorrhaging. Oral intake of vitamin K through drops is also helpful for asthmatic children.
Prevents Biliary Obstruction
Prolonged treatment with oral antibiotics causes biliary obstruction, celiac disease, regional enteritis, and ulcerative colitis, and is made even worse due to a deficiency of vitamin K. Therefore, regular intake of this vitamin can prevent these complications from occurring.
Protects Immune System
In order to boost vitamin K levels, the intake of young coconut kefir, coco-biotic, raw cultured vegetables, milk kefir, liquid spirulina by a human body can be very beneficial. This will help in increasing the content of this vitamin and protect the digestive and immune systems.
Regulates Blood Sugar
Vitamin K plays an important role in regulating blood sugar levels and reducing the risk of developing diabetes. t is believed that vitamin k supplementation is more effective in preventing diabetes among older men when compared to women.
Recommended Daily Intake
The recommended daily intake of vitamin K varies from birth to adulthood. Let us discuss it in detail below.
- Up to 6 months: 2.0 mcg
- 7-12 months: 2.5 mcg
- 1-3 years: 30 mcg
- 4-8 years: 55 mcg
- 9-13 years: 60 mcg
- 14-20 years: 75 mcg
- 20+ years: 120 mcg
Side Effects of Vitamin K
With any supplement or food, there is a certain level of precaution that should be taken, or otherwise, it can have negative effects on the body. Let us discuss them below:
- Pregnancy: Pregnant women are advised to avoid vitamin K supplements on a daily basis without prior consultation with their doctors.
- Drug interaction: People who are taking blood thinning medication, like Coumadin, should also avoid vitamin K rich foods as this would interfere with their treatment.
- Blood clotting: Those who are experiencing blood clotting should also avoid intake of vitamin K, as it only works towards it and not against it. If you have a prior history with serious conditions like stroke or cardiac arrest, do not take vitamin K supplements without consulting your doctor.
Interesting Facts About Steve Jobs
Steve Jobs is widely recognized for being one of the pioneers of the microcomputer revolution and for co-founding Apple Inc., via which he launched the iPhone back in 2007, changing the mobile market for ever. However, his life has been an interesting book with secrets and surprises, which, coupled with his countercultural lifestyle, has made him no less than an enigma. From birth to his death, many incidents from his life are still unknown to the majority of his fans.
He was given up for adoption as an infant
Soon after his birth, he was given up for adoption by his biological mother, Joanne Schieble, because her parents did not approve of her relationship with his father Abdulfattah Jandali as he was a Muslim. Being a catholic, she could not abort the child and being unmarried, had to give away her child as she did not want to bring shame onto her family.
His adoptive parents had to go through legal battle to adopt him
His mother refused to sign the adoption papers when he was placed with Paul and Clara Jobs, because neither of them had a college education. She even took the matter to court, but upon losing the case, agreed to release her baby after the couple promised to attend college. Clara Jobs was frightened of losing custody of him for six months, and later even regretted her decision after he grew to be a difficult child.
He was bullied at school
He did not enjoy high school and had a pretty low 2.65 GPA. He was often bullied at Crittenden Middle School in Mountain View after being transferred there in the sixth grade. He became a “socially awkward loner” and eventually gave his parents an ultimatum that if they did not take him out of Crittenden, he would drop out of school.
Did a summer job at Hewlett Packard
At the age of 13, he was offered a summer job by Bill Hewlett of Hewlett-Packard after he cold-called him to ask for parts for an electronics project. He did minor assembling work, but felt like he “was in heaven”.
Was a college dropout
Interestingly, Jobs himself did not complete his college education. He dropped out of Reed College in Portland, Oregon in 1972 because he did not want to waste his father’s money. His adoptive father was a high school dropout. While he would later become a millionaire, his biological paternal grandfather was a self-made millionaire who did not go to college.
He experimented with psychedelics
According to his classified FBI report, an acquaintance knew that he had used marijuana and LSD while he was in college. He also experimented with psychedelics after returning to the US. He later told a reporter that taking LSD was “one of the two or three most important things” he did in his life.
Was shifted to night duty at Atari for bad hygiene
He landed a technician job at Atari, Inc. in Los Gatos, California by showing a game that his friend Steve Wozniak had made by customizing the classic video game ‘Pong’. During this time, he lived a simple life, read ‘Be Here Now’ by Western-born yogi and spiritual teacher Ram Dass, listened to South Indian music, and saved money for his India tour. He rarely showered and walked around barefoot, which prompted the authorities to move him to night shift.
Toured India in search of spiritual enlightenment
He traveled to India in mid-1974 and sought spiritual enlightenment from Neem Karoli Baba at his Kainchi ashram, but the mystic guru had already died almost a year ago. He travelled around northern Indian states in bus for the next seven months, during which time he was exposed to Buddhism. When he returned to the US, he wore traditional Indian clothing and had shaved his head. He soon began practicing Zen Buddhism through the Zen master Kōbun Chino Otogawa.
Cheated his friend and partner Steve Wozniak
Upon returning to Atari, he was assigned to create a circuit board for the arcade video game ‘Breakout’ and was offered US$100 for each TTL chip that was eliminated in the machine. Jobs, who never learned how to code and had little specialized knowledge of circuit board design, offered Wozniak half his payment for the work, but told him that he was offered only $700. Wozniak learnt ten years later that Jobs had got $5,000 for the job.
Wozniak’s ‘blue box’ was crucial to the development of Apple
The seeds of ‘Apple’ were sown after Jobs monetized the low-cost digital ‘blue box’ that Wozniak had designed, which was able to manipulate the telephone network, allowing free long-distance calls. Successful black-market sales of ‘blue box’ convinced Jobs that electronics could be both fun and profitable.
Apple originally had a third partner
Apple was formed after Wozniak showed the personal computer he had invented to Jobs, who suggested to sell it for profit. The company originally had three partners: Jobs, Wozniak and Ronald Wayne; but Wayne sold his 10 percent share merely two weeks later. He is also credited for creating Apple’s first logo.
He was fired from Apple
Steve Jobs was forced to resign from Apple after his plan to get rid of CEO John Sculley was leaked. His vision of closed architecture Macintosh differed greatly from that of John Sculley’s open architecture computers like the Apple II, which created a huge rift within the company. Many had already left, including Wozniak, who was not happy with the way Jobs was handling the company.
Contributed to the foundation of Pixar
Jobs founded NeXT Inc. in 1985, following his resignation from Apple, an event which he would later mention as a blessing as it allowed him to experiment creatively. The company funded the spinout of The Graphics Group from Lucasfilm’s computer graphics division. It was later renamed to Pixar and went on to produce a large number of hugely successful animated movies.
Met his biological mother after the death of his adopted mother
For a long time, Steve Jobs kept his search for his biological parents a secret as he did not want to hurt the feelings of his adoptive parents. However, he learnt a great deal about his adoption from his mother after she was diagnosed with lung cancer. He contacted Joanne Schieble after taking Paul’s permission following Clara’s death. Shortly after he left Apple, he met his biological mother, who apologized to him stating that she was forced to give him up for adoption.
Met his biological sister at the age of 31
From his mother, he learned that he had a biological sister named Mona Simpson, who did not know about his existence. She arranged for a meeting between the two, who went for a long walk to get to know each other, and despite a slow start, became close friends soon after.
Denied paternity despite positive DNA test
At the age of 23, he fathered an illegitimate child named Lisa Brennan with his then on-and-off partner Chrisann Brennan. However, he later denied paternity despite a positive DNA test. During this time, he named the Apple Lisa computer after his daughter, but had kept ready the alternative explanation, ‘Local Integrated Software Architecture’.
Mentor to Google founders
Steve Jobs served as a mentor for Google founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page. He also called former VP of Google, Vic Gundotra, to ask him to change the yellow gradient in its ‘O’ as it had the wrong shade of yellow. Ironically, he was furious when Google created its Android devices to compete with Apple’s iPhones.
Car without license plate
Taking advantage of the Californian traffic law that allows a car owner to take up to six months to put a license plate on his car, Jobs never put license plates on his silver Mercedes. Rather, he got a new identical model every six months. He also often parked in spots reserved for the handicapped.
Tried alternative medicine before allowing traditional surgery
He was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer in 2003, following which, he ignored suggestion of doctors to immediately undergo surgery and instead attempted alternative medicine like herbal remedies, acupuncture, and adopted a vegan diet. However, he eventually underwent surgery nine months later. His friend and colleague Tim Cook, who shared the same rare blood type, had offered a portion of his liver, but he turned him down.
Mysterious final words
According to his sister Mona Simpson, his last words were ‘Oh wow. Oh wow. Oh wow.’ before he lost consciousness a few hours before his death on October 5, 2011. He was buried in an unmarked grave at Alta Mesa Memorial Park in Palo Alto. Jerry Brown, the governor of California, declared Sunday, October 16, 2011, to be ‘Steve Jobs Day’.
interesting facts about Amarnath Yatra
Amarnath cave is one of the main religious places of Lord Shiva. Every year thousand of devotees from all around the world come to visit Lord Shiva here. The Shivalinga made of ice in the cave is about 10-12 feet high and is the symbol of people’s faith and trust. At Amarnath Yatra that is while reaching the temple which is located high in the snow capped mountains devotees faces extremely difficult rough weather and terrain and shows their undying devotion for Lord Shiva.
Do you know that Amarnath shrine is located in the Himalayan region of South Kashmir? It is about 141 km from Srinagar and is situated at an altitude of 3,888 meters (12,756 feet). There are two routes through which we can reach the Amarnath shrine that is via Pahalgam and Baltal. Pahalgam is about 92 km from Srinagar and about 93 km from Baltal. After reaching Pahalgam or Baltal, further travel has to be done with the help of foot or by horse mule.
There are several some interesting and mesmerizing stories related to the Amarnath cave. So, let us study 10 interesting and astonishing facts about Amarnath Yatra through this article.
interesting facts about Amarnath Yatra
- The length of the Amarnath cave (inward depth) is 19 meters and the width is 16 meters. This cave is spread over an area of approximately 150 feet and is about 11 meters high. The significance of this cave was not only by the creation of natural Shivalinga but also here Lord Shiva told the story of immortality to Goddess Parvathi. Therefore, it is believed that Lord Shiva remains in the Amarnath cave. Goddess Parvathi Peeth is located in the cave and is one of the 51 Shakti Peetas. It is also believed that Bhagwati Sati's throat/neck fell here near Pahalgam.
- Do you know that in Kashmir there are 45 Shiva Dham, 60 Vishnu Dham, 3 Brahma Dham, 22 Shakti Dham, 700 Naga Dham and innumerable pilgrimages, but Amarnath Dham is the most important. According to the Purana, ten times as per Linga Darshan and Pooja in Kashi, hundred times from Prayag and thousand times more than Naimisharanya are considered as Amarnath Darshan. Even we got the references about this from Braungesh Sahita, Nilamata Purana, Kalhhan's Rajatarangini etc. In Kalhan's 'Rajatarangini', there is a saga the ruler of Kashmir. He was a great devotee of Shiva who used to worship the Shivalinga of snow in the forests. Let us tell you that the Shivalinga of ice is not available anywhere in the world except in Kashmir.
- The most surprising thing is that the Amarnath cave is the houses of a natural lingam made up of snow. The lingam waxes and wanes with the lunar cycle and this is considered a miracle of nature and the power of Lord Shiva. The cave also has two more ice lingams, each one representing Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha. It is believed that the cave is nearly 5000 years old. The lingam here is called swayambhu lingam as it is said to have appeared here on its own.
- History of Amarnath Cave :It is believed that this cave was discovered by a shepherd named Buta Malik, who met the saint here. The saint gave him a bag of coal. When he reached home, he was very surprised because the coal was converted into gold coins. When Buta went back to thank the saint, he found the shrine of Amarnath over there.
The story of Amarnath cave :According to the scriptures, Lord Shiva told the story of immortality to Goddess Parvati after insisting his wife Parvathi to reveal the secret of immortality. Then, Lord Shiva decided to proceed towards the cave because the problem of telling the story of Amarkatha was that no other living being should hear the story. But pigeon's egg was there in the cave and it is said that the pair of pigeons born from the egg had become immortal and can be seen in the cave even now.
But while going to the cave Lord Shiva did few things which were great according to his devotees. Because of these few things, the entire way to the cave became blissful.
According to the mythology, Lord Shiva took the Pahalgam route to reach the cave.
When Lord Shiva took Parvati to the cave to tell the story of Amarkatha, he first left Nandi, his vahana at this place which later called as Pahalgam. It is 92 kilometres from Srinagar and is surrounded by mountain peaks.
The next place after Pahalgam is Chandanbadi. It is 16 kms away from Pahalgam. According to beliefs, Lord Shiva did a very unique thing here. This place is also known as Chandramoli because Lord Shiva sacrificed the moon from his head here. The moon then waited for the Lord Shiva to return here. That is why the name of this place became Chandanbadi.
Pissu Top : Pissu Top is slightly ahead of Chandanbadi. The importance of this place is related to Amarnath's philosophy. According to this, for Darshan of Amarnath, there was a huge fight between the Gods and demons. At that time with the help of Lord Shiva, the gods i.e. Devas defeated the demons. A mountain was formed with the dead bodies of the demons. Since then this place is known as Pissu Top.
Sheshnag :The next destination after the Pissu top is Sheshnag. Lord Shiva had dropped the snake from his neck here. There is a lake of blue water, which proves that this is the place of Sheshnag. It is 12 kms away from Chandanbadi.
Mahagunas Mountain :This place is about 4 to 5 kilometers from Sheshnag. It is at an altitude of 14,000 feet. It is believed that Lord Shiva had left his beloved son Ganesha here. There are many waterfalls and beautiful scenes at this place.
It is 6 kms from Mahagunas Mountain. It is at a height of 12,500 feet. It is believed that Lord Shiva sacrificed the five Panchabhutas here, that is, earth, water, air, space and fire. There is a confluence of five rivers here. It is believed that the five rivers flowing here which emerges out from the tangles of Lord Shiva hair.
Amarnath Cave This is the final destination of the journey. Amarnath cave is located at an altitude of 13,500 feet. The 3 km route to the cave is covered with snow. After crossing the river of ice, the cave can finally be seen. The cave is about 100 feet long and 150 feet wide. In this Cave, the Shivalinga is formed of natural ice and here only Lord Shiva told Goddess Parvati the secret of immortality.
Along with Shivalinga in Amarnath cave, two more ice lingams are formed, each one representing Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha. Every year the devotees visit Amarnath for the entire month of Sawan from Aashadh Purnima till Raksha Bandhan. According to the legends, Lord Shiva himself visits in the Amarnath cave on the full moon day of Raksha Bandhan. The responsibility of management of Amarnath Yatra has been taken by the Amarnath Shrine Board, which provides all kinds of facilities to the pilgrims on their way to Amarnath Cave.
That black school children are treated more harshly than white children by teachers is no secret, as plenty of studies and painful anecdotes have repeatedly shown. But some recent research published in the journal Contemporary Educational Psychology suggests an even more discouraging reality: The incoming generation of teachers shows bias against black kids, too.
Researchers at North Carolina State University and elsewhere recruited 40 college students (most of whom were white) who were training to become teachers. They asked the volunteers to look at pictures of 20 black and white men and women, and then to identify one of five emotions the actors were showing (happiness, anger, surprise, sadness, or fear). A previous experiment by the researchers used 20 human volunteers and facial recognition software to pinpoint the emotion shown in each photo.
For a separate test, the volunteers watched four videos depicting a black and white boy in elementary school. One pair of videos had the boys doing something that could be seen as callous, with the black boy stepping on someone’s homework with muddy shoes and the white boy walking away with someone else’s handheld video game. The other two videos featured actions more likely to be seen as unintentionally insensitive: the black boy made a possibly rude comment about another student’s work, and the white boy put someone else’s work in the trash while cleaning up. For all the videos, the volunteers were asked to rate how hostile the boy was on a scale from one to five.
In the photo task, the volunteers were consistently worse at guessing the emotions of both black men and women. Overall, black faces were more than twice as likely to be misread than white faces. And when it came to anger, the misreading was even worse. Black faces were four times as likely to be mistakenly seen as angry.
With the video test, the volunteers similarly attributed more malice to black boys. On average, the hostility rating of black boys was 3.37, while the average rating of white boys was 2.25. And even in the scenarios where the boy seemingly meant no harm, the average point difference in rating between white and black boys stayed the same.
“We really worked hard to make these visual stimuli all comparable to each other, so it’s really something that’s in the receiver that’s going on here,” lead author Amy Halberstadt, professor of psychology at North Carolina State, told Gizmodo. “This is highlighting very specific ways racial bias might be playing out.”
Though research has shown that black boys in particular are discriminated against in school, receiving higher rates of suspensions, expulsions, and other disciplinary actions than everyone else (even when accounting for other factors like poverty or grades), Halberstadt and her team note black girls have their own set of challenges.
“For instance, expectations for females to be more emotionally expressive than males coupled with stereotypes of black people being angry and aggressive make black girls likely targets for being labeled as ‘out of control’ or overly assertive in the classroom,” they wrote. According to Halberstadt, the study’s findings are some of the first to empirically show that a similar bias for seeing anger exists toward black women as well as men. But other qualitative research—relying on interviews and surveys of schoolchildren—has found black girls are more often singled out for not being “ladylike” compared to white girls.
These misperceptions have real consequences. White (but not black) teachers have been found to underestimate the academic talent and learning capability of black students, even as early as preschool. And the less confident teachers are in their black students’ academic prospects, the less likely the students are to succeed, other research has shown.
Of course, these biases aren’t unique to teaching. Racial discrimination poisons every avenue of life in the US, from job-seeking to online dating to getting medical care. “There are many things in our culture that are directing people to have these biases,” Halderstadt said, “so none of us are immune to them.”
As sobering as the findings are, Halderstadt believes these sort of studies can be the start of a larger conversation for prospective and current teachers to have about how they will interact with their students (along with everyone else). “If we don’t even know that we’re doing this, then we can’t change. So the first step is to become aware and then we can work on our changes,” she said.
At the same time, simply knowing about our prejudices isn’t enough.
“The big picture is that teachers can know they have bias, but that’s a very broad statement,” Halberstadt added. “What this suggests to me is that [one way to address bias] is through understanding emotion. Teachers may need to think about whether they’re understanding the emotions of black people as well as they are of white people.”
The study’s small sample size means that only limited conclusions can be drawn from the results. But Halberstadt and her team are already following up with larger studies examining teacher bias, as well as how it affects their students.
The Sad, Sad Story of Laika - the Space Dog
With a pounding heart and rapid breath, Laika rode a rocket into Earth orbit, 2,000 miles above Moscow streets she knew. Overheated, cramped, frightened, and probably hungry, the space dog gave her life for her country, involuntarily fulfilling a canine suicide mission.
Sad as this tale is, the stray husky-spitz mix became a part of history as the first living creature to orbit the Earth. Over the decades, the petite pioneer has repeatedly found new life in popular culture long after her death and the fiery demise of her Soviet ship, Sputnik 2, which smashed into the Earth’s atmosphere 60 years ago this month.
Soviet engineers planned Sputnik 2 hastily after Premier Nikita Khrushchev requested a flight to coincide with November 7, 1957, the 40th anniversary of Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution. Using what they had learned from the unmanned and undogged Sputnik 1 and often working without blueprints, teams labored quickly to build a ship that included a pressurized compartment for a flying dog. Sputnik 1 had made history, becoming the first man-made object in Earth orbit October 4, 1957. Sputnik 2 would go into orbit with the final stage of the rocket attached, and engineers believed the ship’s 1,120-pound payload, six times as heavy as Sputnik 1, could be kept within limits by feeding its passenger only once.
They expected Laika to die from oxygen deprivation—a painless death within 15 seconds—after seven days in space. Cathleen Lewis, the curator of international space programs and spacesuits at the Smithsonian’s National Air and Space Museum doubts that a few ounces of food would have made a difference, and she recalls reports that a female physician broke protocol by feeding Laika before liftoff.
The Soviet canine recruiters began their quest with a herd of female stray dogs because females were smaller and apparently more docile. Initial tests determined obedience and passivity. Eventually, canine finalists lived in tiny pressurized capsules for days and then weeks at a time. The doctors also checked their reactions to changes in air pressure and to loud noises that would accompany liftoff. Testers fitted candidates with a sanitation device connected to the pelvic area. The dogs did not like the devices, and to avoid using them, some retained bodily waste, even after consuming laxatives. However, some adapted.
Eventually, the team chose the placid Kudryavka (Little Curly) as Sputnik 2’s dog cosmonaut and Albina (White) as backup. Introduced to the public via radio, Kudryavka barked and later became known as Laika, “barker” in Russian. Rumors emerged that Albina had out-performed Laika, but because she had recently given birth to puppies and because she had apparently won the affections of her keepers, Albina did not face a fatal flight. Doctors performed surgery on both dogs, embedding medical devices in their bodies to monitor heart impulses, breathing rates, blood pressure and physical movement.
Soviet physicians chose Laika to die, but they were not entirely heartless. One of her keepers, Vladimir Yazdovsky, took 3-year-old Laika to his home shortly before the flight because “I wanted to do something nice for the dog,” he later recalled.
Three days before the scheduled liftoff, Laika entered her constricted travel space that allowed for only a few inches of movement. Newly cleaned, armed with sensors, and fitted with a sanitation device, she wore a spacesuit with metal restraints built-in. On November 3 at 5:30 a.m., the ship lifted off with G-forces reaching five times normal gravity levels.
The noises and pressures of flight terrified Laika: Her heartbeat rocketed to triple the normal rate, and her breath rate quadrupled. The National Air and Space Museum holds declassified printouts showing Laika’s respiration during the flight. She reached orbit alive, circling the Earth in about 103 minutes. Unfortunately, loss of the heat shield made the temperature in the capsule rise unexpectedly, taking its toll on Laika. She died “soon after launch,” Russian medical doctor and space dog trainer Oleg Gazenko revealed in 1993. “The temperature inside the spacecraft after the fourth orbit registered over 90 degrees,” Lewis says. “There’s really no expectation that she made it beyond an orbit or two after that.” Without its passenger, Sputnik 2 continued to orbit for five months.
During and after the flight, the Soviet Union kept up the fiction that Laika survived for several days. “The official documents were falsified,” Lewis says. Soviet broadcasts claimed that Laika was alive until November 12. The New York Times even reported that she might be saved; however, Soviet communiqués made it clear after nine days that Laika had died.
While concerns about animal rights had not reached early 21st century levels, some protested the deliberate decision to let Laika die because the Soviet Union lacked the technology to return her safely to Earth. In Great Britain, where opposition to hunting was growing, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the British Society for Happy Dogs opposed the launch. A pack of dog lovers attached protest signs to their pets and marched outside the United Nations in New York. “The more time passes, the more I’m sorry about it,” said Gazenko more than 30 years later.
The humane use of animal testing spaceflight was essential to preparation for manned spaceflight, Lewis believes. “There were things that we could not determine by the limits of human experience in high altitude flight,” Lewis says. Scientists “really didn’t know how disorienting spaceflight would be on the humans or whether an astronaut or cosmonaut could continue to function rationally.”
Alas, for Laika, even if everything had worked perfectly, and if she had been lucky enough to have plenty of food, water and oxygen, she would have died when the spaceship re-entered the atmosphere after 2,570 orbits. Ironically, a flight that promised Laika’s certain death also offered proof that space was livable.
The story of Laika lives on today in websites, YouTube videos, poems and children’s books, at least one of which provides a happy ending for the doomed dog. Laika’s cultural impact has been spread across the years since her death. The Portland, Oregon, Art Museum is currently featuring an exhibition on the stop-motion animation studio LAIKA, which was named after the dog. The show “Animating Life” is on view through May 20, 2018. There is also a “vegan lifestyle and animal rights magazine” called LAIKA Magazine, published in the United States.
The 1985 Swedish film, My Life as a Dog, portrayed a young man’s fears that Laika had starved. Several folk and rock singers around the globe have dedicated songs to her. An English indie-pop group took her name, and a Finnish band called itself Laika and the Cosmonauts. Novelists Victor Pelevin of Russia, Haruki Murakami of Japan, and Jeannette Winterson of Great Britain have featured Laika in books, as has British graphic novelist Nick Abadzis.
In 2015, Russia unveiled a new memorial statue of Laika atop a rocket at a Moscow military research facility, and when the nation honored fallen cosmonauts in 1997 with a statue at the Institute of Biomedical Problems in Star City, Moscow, Laika’s image could be seen in one corner. During the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity mission in March 2005, NASA unofficially named a spot within a Martian crater “Laika.”
Space dog biographer Amy Nelson compares Laika to other animal celebrities like the Barnum and Bailey Circus’s late 19th-century elephant Jumbo and champion thoroughbred racehorse Seabiscuit, who lifted American spirits during the Great Depression. She argues in Beastly Natures: Animals, Humans and the Study of History that the Soviet Union transformed Laika into “an enduring symbol of sacrifice and human achievement.”
Soon after the flight, the Soviet mint created an enamel pin to celebrate “The First Passenger in Space.” Soviet allies, such as Romania, Albania, Poland and North Korea, issued Laika stamps over the years between 1957 and 1987.
Laika was not the first space dog: Some had soared in the Soviet military’s sub-orbital rocket tests of updated German V-2 rockets after World War II, and they had returned to Earth via parachuted craft—alive or dead. She also would not be the last dog to take flight. Others returned from orbit alive. After the successful 1960 joint flight of Strelka and Belka, Strelka later produced puppies, and Khrushchev gave one to President John F. Kennedy.
During the days before manned flight, the United States primarily looked to members of the ape family as test subjects. The reason for the Soviet choice of dogs over apes is unclear except perhaps that Ivan Pavlov’s pioneering work on dog physiology in the late 19th and early 20th century may have provided a strong background for the use of canines, Lewis says. Also, stray dogs were plentiful in the streets of the Soviet Union—easy to find and unlikely to be missed.
According to Animals In Space by Colin Burgess and Chris Dubbs, the Soviet Union launched dogs into flight 71 times between 1951 and 1966, with 17 deaths. The Russian space program continues to use animals in space tests, but in every case except Laika’s, there has been some hope that the animal would survive.
पेड़ों की समस्या
एक राजा बहुत दिनों बाद अपने बागीचे में सैर करने गया , पर वहां पहुँच उसने देखा कि सारे पेड़- पौधे मुरझाए हुए हैं । राजा बहुत चिंतित हुआ, उसने इसकी वजह जानने के सभी पेड़-पौधों से एक-एक करके सवाल पूछने लगा।
ओक वृक्ष ने कहा, वह मर रहा है क्योंकि वह देवदार जितना लंबा नहीं है। राजा ने देवदार की और देखा तो उसके भी कंधे झुके हुए थे क्योंकि वह अंगूर लता की भांति फल पैदा नहीं कर सकता था। अंगूर लता इसलिए मरी जा रही थी की वह गुलाब की तरह खिल नहीं पाती थी।
राजा थोडा आगे गया तो उसे एक पेड़ नजर आया जो निश्चिंत था, खिला हुआ था और ताजगी में नहाया हुआ था।
राजा ने उससे पूछा , ” बड़ी अजीब बात है , मैं पूरे बाग़ में घूम चुका लेकिन एक से बढ़कर एक ताकतवर और बड़े पेड़ दुखी हुई बैठे हैं लेकिन तुम इतने प्रसन्न नज़र आ रहे हो…. ऐसा कैसे संभव है ?”
पेड़ बोला , ” महाराज , बाकी पेड़ अपनी विशेषता देखने की बजाये स्वयं की दूसरों से तुलना कर दुखी हैं , जबकि मैंने यह मान लिया है कि जब आपने मुझे रोपित कराया होगा तो आप यही चाहते थे कि मैं अपने गुणों से इस बागीचे को सुन्दर बनाऊं , यदि आप इस स्थान पर ओक , अंगूर या गुलाब चाहते तो उन्हें लगवाते !! इसीलिए मैं किसी और की तरह बनने की बजाय अपनी क्षमता केअनुसार श्रेष्ठतम बनने का प्रयास करता हूँ और प्रसन्न रहता हूँ । “
Friends, इस छोटी सी कहानी में बहुत बड़ा संदेश छिपा है। हम अकसर दुसरो से अपनी तुलना कर स्वयं को कम आंकने की गलती कर बैठते हैं । दूसरो की विशेषताओ से प्रेरित होने की बजाए हम अफ़सोस करने लगते हैं कि हम उन जैसे क्यों नहीं हैं ।
न तो हम Sachin Tendulkar की तरह बैटिंग कर सकते हैं , न Amitabh Bachchan की तरह acting कर सकते है और न ही हम Usain Bolt की तरह दौड़ सकते हैं या Roger Federer की तरह Tennis खेल सकते है। हमें यह याद रखना चाहिए की सभी व्यक्ति अलग हैं और सभी की विशेषताए अलग हैं । हम जैसे है वैसे ही अस्तित्व हमें चाहता है। हम सभी में कुछ ऐसी qualities है, जो अन्य लोगो में नहीं है। जरुरत है तो सिर्फ उसे पहचानने की और उस quality को और विकसित कर अपने क्षेत्र में सफलता प्राप्त करने की ।
हम सभी में कुछ ऐसी Qualities है, जो अन्य लोगो में नहीं है। जरुरत है तो सिर्फ उसे पहचानने की और उस quality को और विकसित कर अपने क्षेत्र में सफलता प्राप्त करने की। अगर हम यकीन कर ले की हम सफल हो सकते है, तो इससे दूसरे भी हम पर विश्वास करने लगते है। इंसान की सबसे बड़ी कमजोरी खुद का मूल्यांकन कम करने की होती है। हमें अपनी कमिया पता होना अच्छी बात है। इनसे हमें यह पता चलता है की हमें किस क्षेत्र में सुधार करना है।
हमेशा अपने गुणों, अपनी योग्यताओ पर ध्यान केन्द्रित करे। यह जान ले, आप जितना समझते है, आप उससे कही बेहतर है। बड़ी सफलता उन्ही लोगो का दरवाजा खटखटाती है जो लगातार खुद के सामने उचे लक्ष्य रखते है, जो अपनी कार्यक्षमता सुधारना चाहते है।
जोकर की सीख
एक बार एक जोकर सर्कस मे लोगो को एक चुटकुला सुना रहा था। चुटकुला सुनकर लोग खूब जोर-जोर से हंसने लगे । कुछ देर बाद जोकर ने वही चुटकुला दुबारा सुनाया । अबकी बार कम लोग हंसे । थोडा और समय बीतेने के बाद तीसरी बार भी जोकर ने वही चुटकुला सुनाना शुरू किया ।
पर इससे पहले कि वो अपनी बात ख़त्म करता बीच में ही एक दर्शक बोला, ” अरे ! कितनी बार एक ही चुटकुला सुनाओगे…. कुछ और सुनाओ अब इस पर हंसी नहीं आती। “
जोकर थोड़ा गंभीर होते हुए बोला , ” धन्यवाद भाई साहब , यही तो मैं भी कहना चाहता हूँ…. जब ख़ुशी के एक कारण की वजह से आप लोग बार- बार खुश नहीं हो सकते तो दुःख के एक कारण से बार-बार दुखी क्यों होते हो , भाइयों हमारे जीवन में अधिक दुःख और कम ख़ुशी का यही कारण है…हम ख़ुशी को आसानी से छोड़ देते हैं पर दुःख को पकड़ कर बैठे रहते हैं … “
मित्रो इस बात का आशय यह है कि जीवन मे सुख-दुःख का आना-जाना लगा रहता है ।पर जिस तरह एक ही खुशी को हम बार बार नही महसूस करना चाहते उसी तरह हमें एक ही दु:ख से बार-बार दुखी नहीं महसूस करना चाहिए । जीवन मे सफलता तभी मिलती है जब हम दु:खो को भूलकर आगे बढने का परयत्न करते है ।
एक दिन एम्प्लाइज जब ऑफिस पहुंचे तो उन्हें गेट पर एक बड़ा सा नोटिस लगा दिखा :” इस कंपनी में जो व्यक्ति आपको आगे बढ़ने से रोक रहा था कल उसकी मृत्यु हो गयी . हम आपको उसे आखिरी बार देखने का मौका दे रहे हैं , कृपया बारी-बारी से मीटिंग हॉल में जाएं और उसे देखने का कष्ट करें .”
जो भी नोटिस पढता उसे पहले तो दुःख होता लेकिन फिर जिज्ञासा हो जाती की आखिर वो कौन था जिसने उसकी ग्रोथ रोक रखी थी … और वो हॉल की तरफ चल देता …देखते देखते हॉल के बाहर काफी भीड़ इकठ्ठा हो गयी , गार्ड्स ने सभी को रोक रखा था और उन्हें एक -एक कर के अन्दर जाने दे रहा था.
सबने देखा की अन्दर जाने वाला व्यक्ति काफी गंभीर हो कर बाहर निकलता , मानो उसके किसी करीबी की मृत्यु हुई हो !… इस बार अन्दर जाने की बारी एक पुराने एम्प्लोयी की थी …उसे सब जानते थे ,सबको पता था कि उसे हर एक चीज से शिकायत रहती है …. कंपनी से , सहकर्मियों से , वेतन से हर एक चीज से !
पर आज वो थोडा खुश लग रहा था …उसे लगा कि चलो जिसकी वजह से उसकी लाइफ में इतनी प्रोब्लम्स थीं वो गुजर गया …अपनी बारी आते ही वो तेजी से ताबूत के पास पहुंचा और बड़ी जिज्ञासा से उचक कर अन्दर झाँकने लगा …पर ये क्या अन्दर तो एक बड़ा सा आइना रखा हुआ था.
यह देख वह क्रोधित हो उठा और जोर से चिल्लाने के हुआ कि तभी उसे आईने के बगल में एक सन्देश लिखा दिखा –
“इस दुनिया में केवल एक ही व्यक्ति है जो आपकी ग्रोथ रोक सकता है और वो आप खुद हैं . इस पूरे संसार में आप वो अकेले व्यक्ति हैं जो आपकी ज़िन्दगी में क्रांति ला सकता है .
आपकी ज़िन्दगी तब नहीं बदलती जब आपका बॉस बदलता है , जब आपके दोस्त बदलते हैं , जब आपके पार्टनर बदलते हैं , या जब आपकी कंपनी बदलती है …. ज़िन्दगी तब बदलती है जब आप बदलते हैं , जब आप अपनी लिमिटिंग बिलीफ्स तोड़ते हैं , जब आप इस बात को रीयलाईज करते हैं कि अपनी ज़िंदगी के लिए सिर्फ और सिर्फ आप जिम्मेदार हैं . सबसे अच्छा रिश्ता जो आप बना सकते हैं वो खुद से बनाया रिश्ता है . खुद को देखिये , समझिये …कठिनाइयों से घबराइए नहीं उन्हें पीछे छोडिये … विजेता बनिए , खुद का विकस करिए और अपनी उस वास्तविकता का निर्माण करिए जिसका करना चाहते हैं !
दुनिया एक आईने की तरह है : वो इंसान को उसके शशक्त विचारों का प्रतिबिम्ब प्रदान करती है . ताबूत में पड़ा आइना दरअसल आपको ये बताता है की जहाँ आप अपने विचारों की शक्ति से अपनी दुनिया बदल सकते हैं वहां आप जीवित होकर भी एक मृत के समान जी रहे हैं।
इसी वक़्त दफना दीजिये उस पुराने ‘मैं’ को और एक नए ‘मैं’ का सृजन कीजिये !!!”
आखिरी काम !
एक बूढ़ा कारपेंटर अपने काम के लिए काफी जाना जाता था , उसके बनाये लकड़ी के घर दूर -दूर तक प्रसिद्द थे . पर अब बूढा हो जाने के कारण उसने सोचा कि बाकी की ज़िन्दगी आराम से गुजारी जाए और वह अगले दिन सुबह-सुबह अपने मालिक के पास पहुंचा और बोला , ” ठेकेदार साहब , मैंने बरसों आपकी सेवा की है पर अब मैं बाकी का समय आराम से पूजा-पाठ में बिताना चाहता हूँ , कृपया मुझे काम छोड़ने की अनुमति दें . “
ठेकेदार कारपेंटर को बहुत मानता था , इसलिए उसे ये सुनकर थोडा दुःख हुआ पर वो कारपेंटर को निराश नहीं करना चाहता था , उसने कहा , ” आप यहाँ के सबसे अनुभवी व्यक्ति हैं , आपकी कमी यहाँ कोई नहीं पूरी कर पायेगा लेकिन मैं आपसे निवेदन करता हूँ कि जाने से पहले एक आखिरी काम करते जाइये .”
“जी , क्या काम करना है ?” , कारपेंटर ने पूछा .
“मैं चाहता हूँ कि आप जाते -जाते हमारे लिए एक और लकड़ी का घर तैयार कर दीजिये .” , ठेकेदार घर बनाने के लिए ज़रूरी पैसे देते हुए बोला .
कारपेंटर इस काम के लिए तैयार हो गया . उसने अगले दिन से ही घर बनाना शुरू कर दिया , पर ये जान कर कि ये उसका आखिरी काम है और इसके बाद उसे और कुछ नहीं करना होगा वो थोड़ा ढीला पड़ गया . पहले जहाँ वह बड़ी सावधानी से लकड़ियाँ चुनता और काटता था अब बस काम चालाऊ तरीके से ये सब करने लगा . कुछ एक हफ्तों में घर तैयार हो गया और वो ठेकेदार के पास पहुंचा , ” ठेकेदार साहब , मैंने घर तैयार कर लिया है , अब तो मैं काम छोड़ कर जा सकता हूँ ?”
ठेकेदार बोला ” हाँ , आप बिलकुल जा सकते हैं लेकिन अब आपको अपने पुराने छोटे से घर में जाने की ज़रुरत नहीं है , क्योंकि इस बार जो घर आपने बनाया है वो आपकी बरसों की मेहनत का इनाम है; जाइये अपने परिवार के साथ उसमे खुशहाली से रहिये !”.!”.
कारपेंटर यह सुनकर स्तब्ध रह गया , वह मन ही मन सोचने लगा , “कहाँ मैंने दूसरों के लिए एक से बढ़ कर एक घर बनाये और अपने घर को ही इतने घटिया तरीके से बना बैठा …क़ाश मैंने ये घर भी बाकी घरों की तरह ही बनाया होता .”
दोस्तों , कब आपका कौन सा काम किस तरह आपको affect कर सकता है ये बताना मुश्किल है. ये भी समझने की ज़रुरत है कि हमारा काम हमारी पहचान बना भी सकता है और बिगाड़ भी सकता है. इसलिए हमारी कोशिश होनी चाहिए कि हम हर एक काम अपनी best of abilities के साथ करें फिर चाहे वो हमारा आखिरी काम ही क्यों न हो!
सफलता की तैयारी
शहर से कुछ दूर एक बुजुर्ग दम्पत्ती रहते थे . वो जगह बिलकुल शांत थी और आस -पास इक्का -दुक्का लोग ही नज़र आते थे .
एक दिन भोर में उन्होंने देखा की एक युवक हाथ में फावड़ा लिए अपनी साइकिल से कहीं जा रहा है , वह कुछ देर दिखाई दिया और फिर उनकी नज़रों से ओझल हो गया .दम्पत्ती ने इस बात पर अधिक ध्यान नहीं दिया , पर अगले दिन फिर वह व्यक्ति उधर से जाता दिखा .अब तो मानो ये रोज की ही बात बन गयी , वह व्यक्ति रोज फावड़ा लिए उधर से गुजरता और थोड़ी देर में आँखों से ओझल हो जाता .
दम्पत्ती इस सुन्सान इलाके में इस तरह किसी के रोज आने -जाने से कुछ परेशान हो गए और उन्होंने उसका पीछा करने का फैसला किया .अगले दिन जब वह उनके घर के सामने से गुजरा तो दंपत्ती भी अपनी गाडी से उसके पीछे -पीछे चलने लगे . कुछ दूर जाने के बाद वह एक पेड़ के पास रुक और अपनी साइकिल वहीँ कड़ी कर आगे बढ़ने लगा . १५-२० कदम चलने के बाद वह रुका और अपने फावड़े से ज़मीन खोदने लगा .
दम्पत्ती को ये बड़ा अजीब लगा और वे हिम्मत कर उसके पास पहुंचे ,“तुम यहाँ इस वीराने में ये काम क्यों कर रहे हो ?”
युवक बोला , “ जी, दो दिन बाद मुझे एक किसान के यहाँ काम पाने क लिए जाना है , और उन्हें ऐसा आदमी चाहिए जिसे खेतों में काम करने का अनुभव हो , चूँकि मैंने पहले कभी खेतों में काम नहीं किया इसलिए कुछ दिनों से यहाँ आकार खेतों में काम करने की तैयारी कर रहा हूँ!!”
दम्पत्ती यह सुनकर काफी प्रभावित हुए और उसे काम मिल जाने का आशीर्वाद दिया .
दोस्तों , किसी भी चीज में सफलता पाने के लिए तैयारी बहुत ज़रूरी है . जिस sincerity के साथ युवक ने खुद को खेतों में काम करने के लिए तैयार किया कुछ उसी तरह हमें भी अपने-अपने क्षेत्र में सफलता के लिए खुद को तैयार करना चाहिए।
एक नौजवान मार्शल आर्टिस्ट को सालों की मेहनत के बाद ब्लैक बेल्ट देने के लिए चयनित किया गया . ये बेल्ट एक समारोह में मास्टर सेन्सेइ द्वारा दी जानी थी .समारोह वाले दिन नवयुवक मास्टर सेन्सेइ के समक्ष ब्लैक – बेल्ट प्राप्त करने पहुंचा .
“ बेल्ट देने से पहले , तुम्हे एक और परीक्षा देनी होगी ,” सेन्सेइ बोले .
ब्लैक बेल्ट पाने का अर्थ ?
“मैं तैयार हूँ ,” नवयुवक बोला ; उसे लगा की शायद उसे किसी से मुकाबला करना होगा .
लेकिन सेंसेई के दिमाग में तो कुछ और ही चल रहा था . उन्होंने पूछा , “ तुम्हे इस प्रश्न का उत्तर देना होगा : ब्लैक बेल्ट हांसिल करने का असली मतलब क्या है ?”
“ मेरी यात्रा का अंत ,” नवयुवक बोला . “मेरे कठोर परिश्रम का इनाम .”
सेंसेई इस उत्तर से संतुष्ट नहीं हुए और बोले ; “ तुम अभी ब्लैक बेल्ट पाने के काबिल नहीं बने हो . एक साल बाद आना .”
एक साल बाद नवयुवक एक बार फिर ब्लैक बेल्ट लेने के लिए पहुंचा , सेंसेई ने दुबारा वही प्रश्न किया , “ब्लैक बेल्ट हांसिल करने का असली मतलब क्या है ?”
“ यह इस कला में सबसे बड़ी उपलब्धि पाने का प्रतीक है ,” नवयुवक बोला
सेंसेई संतुष्ट नहीं हुए और कुछ देर इंतज़ार किया की वो कुछ और भी बोले पर युवक शांत ही रहा .
“ तुम अभी भी बेल्ट पाने के हकदार नहीं बन पाए हो , जाओ अगले साल फिर आना .” , और ऐसा कहते हुए सेंसेई ने युवक को वापस भेज दिया .
एक साल बाद फिर वह युवक सेंसेई के सामने क्ल्हादा था . सेंसेई ने पुनः वही प्रश्न किया ,
“ब्लैक बेल्ट हांसिल करने का असली मतलब क्या है ?”
“ ब्लैक बेल्ट आरम्भ है एक कभी न ख़त्म होने वाली यात्रा का जिसमे अनुशाशन है ,कठोर परिश्रम है , और हमेशा सर्वोत्तम मापदंड छूने की लालसा है .” नवयुवक ने पूरे आत्म -विश्वास के साथ उत्तर दिया .
“सेंसेई उत्तर सुन कर प्रसन्न हुए और बोले , “ बिलकुल सही . अब तुम ब्लैक -बेल्ट पाने के लायक बने हो . लो इस सम्मान को ग्रहण करो और अपने कार्य में लग जाओ .”,
दोस्तों , कई बार किसी बड़ी उपलब्धि को हांसिल करने के बाद हम थोड़े निश्चिंत हो जाते हैं , शायद यही वजह है की शिखर पर पहुंचना शिखर पर बने रहने से आसान होता है. हमें चाहिए की हम अपनी उपलब्धि के मुताबिक और भी कड़ी मेहनत करें और अपने सम्मान की प्रतिष्ठा बनाये रखें.
बड़ा काम छोटा काम
शहर की मेन मार्केट में एक गराज था जिसे अब्दुल नाम का मैकेनिक चलाता था . वैसे तो अब्दुल एक अच्छा आदमी था लेकिन उसके अन्दर एक कमी थी , वो अपने काम को बड़ा और दूसरों के काम को छोटा समझता था .
एक बार एक हार्ट सर्जन अपनी लक्ज़री कार लेकर उसके यहाँ सर्विसिंग कराने पहुंचे . बातों -बातों में जब अब्दुल को पता चला की कस्टमर एक हार्ट सर्जन है तो उसने तुरन्त पूछा , “ डॉक्टर साहब मैं ये सोच रहा था की हम दोनों के काम एक जैसे हैं… !”
“एक जैसे ! वो कैसे ?” , सर्जन ने थोडा अचरज से पूछा .
“देखिये जनाब ,” अब्दुल कार के कौम्प्लिकेटेड इंजन पर काम करते हुए बोल , “ ये इंजन कार का दिल है , मैं चेक करता हूँ की ये कैसा चल रहा है , मैं इसे खोलता हूँ , इसके वाल्वस फिट करता हूँ , अच्छी तरह से सर्विसिंग कर के इसकी प्रोब्लम्स ख़तम करता हूँ और फिर वापस जोड़ देता हूँ …आप भी कुछ ऐसा ही करते हैं ; क्यों ?”
“हम्म ”, सर्जन ने हामी भरी .
“तो ये बताइए की आपको मुझसे 10 गुना अधिक पैसे क्यों मिलते हैं, काम तो आप भी मेरे जैसा ही करते हैं ?”, अब्दुल ने खीजते हुए पूछा .
सर्जन ने एक क्षण सोचा और मुस्कुराते हुए बोला , “ जो तुम कर रहे हो उसे चालू इंजन पे कर के देखो , समझ जाओगे .”
अब्दुल को इससे पहले किसी ने ऐसा जवाब नही दिया था, अब वह अपनी गलती समझ चुका था.
दोस्तों , हर एक काम की अपनी importance होती है , अपने काम को बड़ा समझना ठीक है पर दूसरों के काम को कभी छोटा नहीं समझना चाहिए ; हम औरों के काम के बारे में बस उपरी तौर पे जानते हैं लेकिन उसे करने में आने वाले challenges के बारे में हमें कुछ ख़ास नहीं पता होता . इसलिए किसी के काम को छोटा नहीं समझें और सभी की respect करें .
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